To be is the most common verb in the English language. It can be used as an auxiliary or a main verb.
Singular = 1 Plural = 1+ I am You are You are We are He/she/it is They are
Question ? Positive Statement +
Negative Statement - Singular Written Form or spoken for emphasis Contracted
Form (spoken) Written Form or spoken for emphasis Contracted Form (spoken)
Am I? I am I’m I am not I’m not Are you? You are You’re You are not You’re not
or You aren’t
Is she? Is it?
She is It is He’s She’s It’s He is not She is not It is not
She isn’t It isn’t or He’s not She’s not It’s not
Plural Are we? We are We’re We are not We aren’t
or We’re not
Are you? You are You’re You are not You’re not
or You aren’t
Are they? They are They’re They are not They aren’t
or They’re not
The verbs am / is / are are used with:-
a noun group Are you an English teacher? Mr Bean is an English teacher. an adjective I’m tired. She’s English. an expression of place or time They’re at home. It’s nine o’clock. an expression of age I’m 44. He’s two years old. the form of the present continuous tense We’re learning English. She’s teaching English.
Question - ? “Am I disturbing you?” “Is this your coat?” Positive Answer + Yes “Yes you are. We’re very busy.” “Yes, it is” Negative Answer - No “No you’re not. We aren’t very busy.” “No, it isn’t”
The Learn English Grammar Page - Verbs Want to know more about the use of verbs? Read my recommended grammar books section.